Database of Medical Assertions

Database of Medical Assertions

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Can anyone point me toward a computationally-accessible database of medical assertions? I'm looking for something where each row in the database contains a single unit of knowledge. It could either be in some sort of structured format, or be in free text.

Database List

Embase is a highly versatile, multipurpose and up-to-date biomedical database. It covers the most important international biomedical literature from 1947 to the present day. Indexes conference abstracts, papers, and summaries, which can be found using the Advanced Search function and specifying the publication type.

To learn more about using Embase visit Embase Video Tutorials and/or Elsevier's Embase FAQs.

With more than 4 million bibliographic records centered on psychology and the behavioral and social sciences, the interdisciplinary content in PsycINFO® makes it one of the most utilized databases by students, researchers, educators, and practitioners worldwide. It contains citations and summaries of peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, books, dissertations, and technical reports, all in the field of psychology and the psychological aspects of related disciplines, such as medicine, psychiatry, nursing, sociology, education, pharmacology, physiology, linguistics, anthropology, business, and law.

To learn more about using Ovid databases visit Ovid Online Training.

PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher websites.

To learn more about using PubMed visit PubMed Tutorials

Create an account:
Step 1: Click on "Log in" in the upper right corner of the PubMed homepage.
Step 2: At the bottom, click "New here? Sign up."
Step 3: Again, at the bottom, click “more sign up options.”
Step 4: In the search box, type “Anschutz” and it will bring up “University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Medical Campus.” This will allow you to create an account with your CU Anschutz credentials. After you graduate you can change your account to be linked to another account such as a Google or ORCID account.

To learn more about creating and customizing your NCBI account, watch this video.

The Web of Science platform connects the Web of Science Core Collection to regional citation indexes, patent data, specialized subject indexes, and an index of research data sets, all in all totaling over 33,000 journals, meaning you have the breadth you need to be truly comprehensive in your search.

To learn more about using Web of Science visit the Web of Science Training Portal.


Wolfram|Alpha is an amazing computational search engine. Although not a database by itself, all results returned are sourced and students can access original data. For example, it can be used to re-create the queries in the sample IA above [HDI – Tuberculosis].

It’s great for gene data, climate, socioeconomics, nutrition, species and so much more.

I have a subscription to Wolfram|Alpha Pro Educator, from which you can download datasets and set practice questions in mathematics. It will also accept data for analysis, including t-tests.

Database of Medical Assertions - Biology

An electronic store of information on the algae of the world and includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater forms.

BioCyc is a collection of 7600 Pathway/Genome Databases (PGDBs), plus software tools for understanding their data.

An ongoing project to present taxonomic information, images, records of collections, and references pertaining to diatoms.

A compendium of electronic and internet accessible tools and resources for molecular biology, biotechnology, molecular evolution, biochemistry, and molecular modeling.

Disseminating information about RNA structure and evolution that has been determined using comparative sequence analysis.

A nomenclatural database of corticioid fungi (Hymenomycetes).

An online informatics resource for dictyostelium.

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources. An integrated database covering the eukaryotic pathogens.

The European Bioinformatics Institute Bioinformatics services area provides a comprehensive range of freely available and up-to-date databases for the field of bioinformatics.

ExPASy of the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB) is an extensible and integrative portal accessing many scientific resources, databases and software tools in different areas of life sciences.

A resource available to the Fungal Genetics research community and to educational and research organizations in general.

An integrated genomic and functional genomic database for the kingdom Fungi.

Containing data on HIV genetic sequences, immunological epitopes, drug resistance-associated mutations, and vaccine trials. The website also gives access to a large number of tools that can be used to analyze these data.

The NCBI has been charged with creating automated systems for storing and analyzing knowledge about molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics facilitating the use of such databases and software by the research and medical community coordinating efforts to gather biotechnology information both nationally and internationally and performing research into advanced methods of computer-based information processing for analyzing the structure and function of biologically important molecules.

An information system designed to support the biomedical research community’s work on bacterial infectious diseases via integration of vital pathogen information with rich data and analysis tools.

This database provides exhaustive automatic analysis of genomic sequences by a large variety of bioinformatics tools.

An online database containing information about radiolarians.

The RNase P Database is a compilation of RNase P sequences, sequence alignments, secondary structures, three-dimensional models, and accessory information.

A community resource for the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This project provides encyclopedic information about the yeast genome and its genes, proteins, and other encoded features.

Sequences collected and analyzed in research sponsored by NIH Human Microbiome Project Demonstration Project and the University of Chicago Digestive Disease Research Core Center.

This collection offers you all information regarding the entire E.coli K12 chromosome and is searchable in different ways: by a gen/sequence map, scrolling different tables or just by search for a keyword.

IMGT is a high-quality integrated information system specialising in immunoglobulins (IG), T cell receptors (TR), major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and related proteins of the immune system of human and other vertebrate species, created in 1989 by Marie-Paule Lefranc (Université Montpellier II, CNRS).

Established to provide resources to the scientific community for basic research and to facilitate the development of novel antiviral therapies and vaccines against human orthopoxvirus infections as well as approaches for environmental detection of virions and the rapid diagnosis of disease.

RDP provides ribosome related data services to the scientific community, including online data analysis, rRNA derived phylogenetic trees, and aligned and annotated rRNA sequences.

Contains occurrence data, as well as guidelines for the monitoring and control of the disease in humans and animals.

WFCC-MIRCEN World Data Centre for Microorganisms (WDCM) provides a comprehensive directory of culture collections, databases on microbes and cell lines, and the gateway to biodiversity, molecular biology and genome projects.

Open-access search engines

If you don’t have access to full-text articles through an institution, there are several medical journal search engines that provide open access to free journal articles:

    – the database has about 10,000 journals available for open-access – about 13,000 scientific journals are available with open-access – indexes about 4832 peer-reviewed journals with open-access – health search engine spanning multiple sources and government databases – medical search engine with filters for evidence type.

What’s your preferred medical search engine for finding journal articles?

About Dinethra Menon

Dinethra Menon is a medical and science writer with over a decade of experience communicating and writing medical education for doctors. She has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Melbourne and a postgraduate diploma in genetic counseling. Connect with her on LinkedIn, follow her on Twitter - @dinethra_menon or check out her Facebook page, Living With Hereditary Disease.

Updated science-wide author databases of standardized citation indicators

Citation: Ioannidis JPA, Boyack KW, Baas J (2020) Updated science-wide author databases of standardized citation indicators. PLoS Biol 18(10): e3000918.

Received: August 3, 2020 Accepted: September 18, 2020 Published: October 16, 2020

Copyright: © 2020 Ioannidis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Competing interests: I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests. JPAI is a member of the editorial board of PLOS Biology. JB is an Elsevier employee. Elsevier runs Scopus and ICSR Lab, which is the source of this data, and also runs Mendeley Data, where the database is now stored.

There was great interest in the databases of standardized citation metrics across all scientists and scientific disciplines [1], and many scientists urged us to provide updates of the databases. Accordingly, we have provided updated analyses that use citations from Scopus with data freeze as of May 6, 2020, assessing scientists for career-long citation impact up until the end of 2019 (Table-S6-career-2019) and for citation impact during the single calendar year 2019 (Table-S7-singleyr-2019). Updated databases and code are freely available in Mendeley ( The original database (version 1) can also be found in, the updated (version 2) can also be found in, and any subsequent updates that might appear in the future will be generally accessible in

S6 and S7 tabulated data include all scientists who are among the top 100,000 across all fields according to the composite citation index [2] when self-citations are included and/or when self-citations are not included. Furthermore, in the current update, Tables S6 and S7 include also scientists who are not in the top 100,000 according to the composite index but are nevertheless within the top 2% of scientists of their main subfield discipline, across those that have published at least five papers. Another new feature in this update is that Tables S6 and S7 include new columns showing for each scientist the rank of their composite citation index within their subfield discipline (with and without self-citations) and the total number of authors within the subfield discipline. For example, for Kevin W. Boyack, rank is 50 and 52 for the composite citation index with and without self-citations, respectively, among the total of 10,391 scientists whose main subfield discipline is “Information and Library Sciences.” This extension allows the inclusion of more comprehensive samples of top-cited scientists for fields that have low citation densities and therefore would be less likely to be found in the top 100,000 when all scientific fields are examined together. Comparisons of citation metrics are more meaningful when done within the same subdiscipline. Of course, even within the same subdiscipline, different areas may still possess different citation densities, and assessing citation indicators always require caution.

Field and subfield discipline categories use the Science-Metrix classification as in our previous work [1], but multidisciplinary journals that were previously not assigned to a Science-Metrix field or subfield [3] have now been assigned to a specific field and subfield using a character-based convolutional deep neural network. This machine learning approach was trained with a set consisting of over a million entries was found to be outperforming other approaches such as Wikipedia and Yahoo! Answers [4]. This allows a more accurate classification of scientists who publish many papers in multidisciplinary journals.

Tables S8 and S9 provide the 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentile thresholds for each field and each subfield for career-long and single year 2019 impact based on citations and, separately, based on the composite indicator. The formula to calculate the composite indicator for career-long impact is derived by summing the ratio of log of 1 + the indicator value over the maximum of those indicator logs for 6 indicators (NC, H, Hm, NCS, NCSF, NCSFL) [3]:

The formula to calculate the composite indicator for single year 2019 impact follows the same principle and only uses citations from publications published in 2019. Maximum log values across the population are in separate tables for career (S10) and single year 2019 (S11).

Given the increasing attention given to the analysis of self-citations, we also include in Tables S8 and S9 data for each discipline and each subdiscipline of the 95th and 99th percentile threshold for the percentage of self-citations and for the ratio of citations over citing papers within the set of selected top-cited researchers. Very high proportion of self-citations and/or ratio of citations over citing papers may or may not be justifiable and may require a closer look at the citation practices of these scientists. A percentage (4.9%) of the scientists who are in the top 2% of their subdiscipline for career-long impact when self-citations are included are no longer in the top 2% of their subdiscipline when self-citations are excluded, and 0.01% (n = 15) of these fall below the top 10%. Some scientists have extremely high ratios of citations over citing papers, far exceeding the 99th percentile threshold. Many papers by the same scientist may be fully legitimately often cited together in the same article. However, some authors have been found to manipulate peer-review to add multiple citations to their works [5,6].

Searching the MachineProse Trove

The framework makes it possible to support the following kinds of queries:

1. A user may specify a putative assertion as a query. Matching assertions are retrieved, together with the links to the respective articles that support, refute, or are inconclusive with respect to the assertion. This makes it easier to retrieve groups of articles relevant to a clinical issue requiring an evidence-based answer or a specific biological question.

a. Which are the most common assertions made in the past year (or month, etc.)?

b. Which are the most controversial assertions, i.e., have a large number of papers both supporting and refuting an assertion?

c. Which assertions are recent but rare? A subset of these might suggest emerging directions for research.

Further, given a query < S-R-O> where at least one of the entities is specified, two dimensions of inferencing are supported:

1. Searching assertions through relational inference: For instance, given an assertion query < S-Regulates-O>, ‘Regulates’ is a more general relation compared to ‘Stimulates’ according to the MPO. Thus, the search will also include assertions like < S-Stimulates-O>. Similarly, inference from more specific to more general properties is also possible. If a search for the assertion X does not find a match or yields insufficient results, then one can traverse upward in the MP ontology to find more general relations satisfying the requested assertion.

2. Searching assertions through terminological inference: Starting with an assertion < S-R-O>, one can find more specific assertions defined with refined versions of the terms S or O. Alternately, one could find generalized versions of the terms as well.

Considering Subject, Object, and Predicate together, three kinds of matches are possible between a query assertion < S-R-O> and entries in MPT: exact, inferred, and partial. An exact match denotes a perfect match with the complete assertion, e.g., < S-R-O> in Figure 4. Inferred matches are of two types. They are either descendant matches or immediate parents. A descendant match refers to all assertions that satisfy < dS| S- dR|R- dO|O|>, where the prefix d denotes descendant (recursive child). Examples of these are < dS-R-dO> or < dS-dR-dO>. It is logical to consider all descendants down to the leaf/terminal level as matches. For example, if the query is phrased as ‘Adrenal_Cortex_Hormone associated_with Lung_disease,’ it makes sense to consider assertions involving both glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids that prevent or improve (and other recursive subclasses of ‘associated_with’, Fig. 2) different kinds of lung diseases, including but not limited to Asthma. Another kind of descendant is the conjunction of either entity (Subject or Object) with a second one, e.g., ‘Adrenal_Cortex_Hormone AND Azathioprine associated_with Lung_disease.’ We consider this to be a descendant by multiple inheritance. In terms of the search space of assertions, this may be logically considered to be a subspace of ‘Adrenal_Cortex_Hormone associated_with Lung_disease.’ Note that in terms of implementation, this necessarily creates nonunique paths to each assertion (consequent to being a Directed Acyclic Graph structure rather than a Tree), with the potential for redundancy and inefficiency in mapping and inferencing. Immediate parents are assertions that satisfy < pS|S-pR|R-pO|O>, e.g., < pS-R-O>. We restrict the match to immediate parent because the retrieved assertions from higher superclasses will be too general to be considered a match. For example, for the same query as above, ‘Hormones associated_with Lung_disease’ would be returned, but if we navigated higher, we would end up at the root, with essentially any MeSH term being considered a match. A partial match involves either S or O from the original query and substitutes wild cards for the other components of the triplet. In this case, the specificity of the search can be controlled by an ontology lookup function that determines the semantic distance of two terms in existing ontologies like MPO, UMLS, and GO. This is proportional to the number of intervening terms. All potential matches for a given assertion < S-R-O> are returned, ranked by the relative importance of Subject, Object, and Predicate, parameterized by weights.

Semantic matches in assertion space. The figure shows how inferencing proceeds from an assertion composed of subject (S), relationship (R), and object (O). The prefix p denotes an immediate parent while the prefix d denotes a descendant term. The latter includes children as well as recursive children. Implicitly, all descendants are matches for a query that is framed as S-R-O. Additionally, immediate parents are also included as putative matches.

Semantic matches in assertion space. The figure shows how inferencing proceeds from an assertion composed of subject (S), relationship (R), and object (O). The prefix p denotes an immediate parent while the prefix d denotes a descendant term. The latter includes children as well as recursive children. Implicitly, all descendants are matches for a query that is framed as S-R-O. Additionally, immediate parents are also included as putative matches.

Retrospective study

prospective study an epidemiologic study in which the groups of individuals (cohorts) are selected on the bases of factors that are to be examined for possible effects on some outcome. For example, the effect of exposure to a specific risk factor on the eventual development of a particular disease can be studied. The cohorts are then followed over a period of time to determine the incidence rates of the outcomes being studied as they relate to the original factors in question. Called also cohort study.

The term prospective usually implies a cohort selected in the present and followed into the future, but this method can also be applied to existing longitudinal historical data, such as insurance or medical records. A cohort is identified and classified as to exposure to the risk factor at some date in the past and followed up to the present to determine incidence rates. This is called a historical prospective study, prospective study of past data, or retrospective cohort study.

Medical Subject Headings RDF

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) RDF is a linked data representation of the MeSH biomedical vocabulary produced by the National Library of Medicine. MeSH RDF includes a downloadable file in RDF N-Triples format, a SPARQL query editor, a SPARQL endpoint (API), and a RESTful interface for retrieving MeSH data.

MeSH RDF supports the following use cases:

  • Look up terms in the MeSH vocabulary. Example: Find all MeSH Descriptors and Concepts with "infection" in the name.
  • Get data for a particular MeSH identifier. Example: This URL will provide json data for the Descriptor for Ofloxacin:
  • Find any assertion in the MeSH vocabulary. Example: Get all of the pharmacological actions for a given substance.
  • Download any subset of the MeSH vocabulary using SPARQL. Example: Get all descriptor labels and identifiers.
  • Find all the allowable qualifiers for a MeSH Descriptor. Example: Find all the allowable qualifiers for Infection Control.
  • Get all entry terms for a MeSH Descriptor. Examples:

To provide feedback, please visit us on GitHub.

MeSH RDF Resources


Download MeSH in RDF N-Triples format (mesh.nt.gz).

SPARQL Query Editor

Query MeSH using SPARQL. See our sample queries.

Retrieve RDF URIs for specific MeSH descriptors or request data for specific MeSH identifiers.


Retrieve RDF URIs for specific MeSH descriptors.


Documentation includes sample queries, MeSH data model diagrams and more.


Visit our GitHub repository and submit an issue or contact NLM Customer Support.

Database of Medical Assertions - Biology

CIRRIE Database of International Research :

The International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation




Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and
Exchange (CIRRIE) :

CIRRIE Database of International Research :

The International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation

Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and
Exchange (CIRRIE) :

The International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation

"The mission of the Center for International Rehabilitation Research
Information and Exchange (CIRRIE) is to facilitate the sharing of
information between rehabilitation researchers in the U.S. and those in
other countries. CIRRIE makes available to the disability community in the
U.S. knowledge that has been found useful in other countries. It does this
through a number of resources that are found on this website.

Primary among them is the CIRRIE Database of International Research, which
contains citations, abstracts, and in many cases, links to the full text
of articles that report research conducted in countries other than the

The International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation provides a synthesis of
much of this research. The majority of the authors of the Encyclopedia
articles are from outside the U.S. as are the reviewers, providing the
Encyclopedia with an international scope.

CIRRIE supports international collaboration in rehabilitation research
through its program to support exchanges of researchers between the U.S.
and other countries.

CIRRIE also develops educational resources related to culture and
disability to strengthen the cultural competency of rehabilitation service
providers who work with persons born outside the U.S., especially recent

The CIRRIE Database of International Rehabilitation Research currently
contains over 125,000 citations of international rehabilitation research
published between 1990 and the present.

A search of cultural disabilities produced these citations in this

1. Hartley S, Murira G, Mwangoma M, Carter J, et al. (2009). Using
community/researcher partnerships to develop a culturally relevant
intervention for children with communication disabilities in Kenya.
Disability and Rehabilitation 31(6):490-9. (Full record)

2. Zakirova-Engstrand R, & Granlund M. (2009). The International
classification of functioning, disability and health - children and youth
(ICF-CY): testing its utility in classifying information from eco-cultural
family interviews with ethnically diverse families with children with
disabilities in Ky. Disability and Rehabilitation 31(12):1018-30. (Full

3. McConkey R, Truesdale-Kennedy M, Chang MY, Jarrah S, et al.
(2008). The impact on mothers of bringing up a child with intellectual
disabilities: a cross-cultural study. International Journal of Nursing
Studies 45(1):65-74. (Full record)

4. Tzeng S-J. (2007). Learning Disabilities in Taiwan: A Case of Cultural
Constraints on the Education of Students with Disabilities. Learning
Disabilities Research and Practice 22(3):170-175. (Full record)

5. Themistocleous GS, Goudelis G, Kyrou I, Chloros GD, et al. (2006).
Translation into Greek, Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the
Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire (DASH). Journal
of Hand Therapy 19(3):350-357. (Full record)

6. McLaughlin MJ, Dyson A, Nagle K, Thurlow M, et al. (2006).
Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the Classification of Children with
Disabilities: Part II. Implementing Classification Systems in Schools.
Journal of Special Education 40(1):46-58. (Full record)

7. Orfale AG, Araujo PMP, Ferraz MB, & Natour J. (2005). Translation into
Brazilian Portuguese, cultural adaptation and evaluation of the
reliability of the Disabilities of th Arm, Shoulder and Hand
Questionnaire. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
38(2):293-302. (Full record)

8. Orfale AG, Araujo PMP, Ferraz MB, & Natour J. (2005). Translation into
Brazilian Portuguese, cultural adaptation and evaluation of the
reliability of the Disabilities of th Arm, Shoulder and Hand
Questionnaire. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
38(2):293-302. (Full record)

9. Summers SJ, & J. J. (2004). Cross-cultural working in community
learning disabilities services: Clinical issues, dilemmas and tensions.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 48(7):687-694. (Full record)

10. Kendall E, & Marshall CA. (2004). Factors that prevent equitable
access to rehabilitation for Aboriginal Australians with disabilities: the
need for culturally safe rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology
49(1):5-13. (Full record)

The Database Thesaurus is Found Here:

Daily living [SCOPE NOTE: Evaluation of, and training in, the ability to
perform essential self help skills: dressing, use of public
transportation, and other functional skills]
Related Terms: Clothing, Communication devices, Community living,
Devices, Feeding, Grooming, Habilitation, Homemakers, Independent living,
Mobility, Self care, Self help, Sensory aids, Social skills
Use for: Activities of daily living (ADL), Housekeeping, Hygiene, Life
skills training, Toileting

Dance therapy [SCOPE NOTE: Use of dance and movement in treatment of
physical or emotional disorders includes dance/movement therapists.]
Broader Terms: Therapy
Related Terms: Therapy
Use for: Movement therapy

Use: Information systems

Day care [SCOPE NOTE: Care of persons with disabilities away from home,
such as in a community facility for care of child, use CHILD CARE]
Related Terms: Attendant care, Child care, Community living, Facilities,
Foster care, Independent living, Living facilities, Residential living,
Respite care

Deaf [SCOPE NOTE: Includes people who are totally deaf or nonhearing. For
partial deafness, use HEARING IMPAIRMENTS. For conditions causing total
loss of hearing, use DEAFNESS.]
Broader Terms: Disabilities, Hearing impairments
Related Terms: Communication devices, Communication skills, Deaf blind,
Use for: Late deafened

Deaf blind [SCOPE NOTE: For individuals who are both deaf and blind or
hearing impaired and visually impaired]
Broader Terms: Disabilities, Hearing impairments, Visual impairments
Related Terms: Blind, Blindness, Braille, Communication devices,
Communication skills, Deaf, Deafness, Low vision, Mobility training,
Multiple disabilities, Orientation

Deafness [SCOPE NOTE: A condition causing severe loss of hearing. For
consumers and services to people who are deaf, use DEAF. For conditions
causing partial deafness, use HEARING IMPAIRMENTS. Term added July 1998.]
Related Terms: Deaf, Deaf blind

Death [SCOPE NOTE: Includes reaction to death, coping with death, and
death counseling]
Related Terms: Grief, Hospices, Suicide, Terminal illness
Use for: Mortality

Decision making
Use: Decision support systems, Goal setting, Management, Planning, Policy

Decision support systems [SCOPE NOTE: Computer programs that aid in making
decisions by organizing and analyzing data term added April 1988]
Related Terms: Computer applications, Information systems, Management
Use for: Artificial intelligence, Decision making, Expert systems

Decubitus ulcers
Use: Pressure sores

Use: Dictionaries, Glossaries

Degenerative diseases [SCOPE NOTE: A conditions or diseases that is
degenerative in nature CIRRIE term added May 2010]
Narrower terms: Arthritis, Dementia, Multiple sclerosis
Use for: Osteoporosis, Progressive diseases

Deinstitutionalization [SCOPE NOTE: Concept with three interrelated
processes: (1)prevention of admission to a public institution by
developing, finding, and using alternative community care and training
(2) return to the community by residents who function appropriately and
who benefit from community-based habilitation and training programs and
(3) establishment and maintenance of a responsive institutional
environment contributing to appropriate and expeditious return to the
Related Terms: Foster care, Group homes, Habilitation, Halfway houses,
Home care, Inclusion, Independent living, Residential living
Use for: Normalization

Dementia [SCOPE NOTE: Irrecoverable deterioration of mental state term
added June 1989]
Broader Terms: Degenerative diseases
Related Terms: Alzheimer's disease

Demographics [SCOPE NOTE: Statistical study of human populations,
especially including size and density, distribution, and vital statistics
includes census data]
Broader Terms: Statistics
Related Terms: Census, Client characteristics, Epidemiology, Health
statistics, Incidence, National surveys, Prevalence, Surveys

Demonstration programs
Use: Model programs, Pilot projects

Dental problems [SCOPE NOTE: Includes specific defects, disorders, or
Related Terms: Dentistry, Facial disfigurement, Speech impairments

Dentistry [SCOPE NOTE: Includes orthodontia and dentists]
Related Terms: Dental problems, Facial disfigurement, Health personnel,
Medical personnel

Dependency [SCOPE NOTE: Dependence upon persons, programs, or things, but
not drugs or alcohol for substance dependency, use SUBSTANCE ABUSE term
added June 1989]
Use for: Co-dependency

Depression [SCOPE NOTE: State of feeling sad can be marked by inactivity,
difficulty in thinking and concentrating, and feelings of dejection]
Broader Terms: Emotional disorders, Psychiatric disabilities
Related Terms: Behavior, Eating disorders, Personality, Psychology
Use for: Personality disorders

Use: Skin disorders

Design for all
Use: Universal design

Developmental disabilities [SCOPE NOTE: Includes disabilities which are
manifested before age 22 and which constitute a substantial limitation to
the individual use specific disability listed under "Narrower Terms"
below when applicable]

Narrower terms: Autism, Cerebral palsy, Epilepsy, Intellectual
disabilities, Learning disabilities
Broader Terms: Disabilities

Related Terms: Child development, Multiple disabilities, Severe

double asterisk (**) indicated that the journal is not indexed in Medline

A research report for the Leeds Inclusion Project

AAC: Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Academic Emergency Medicine

Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University

Academic Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University

Accident Analysis and Prevention

Accident and Emergency Nursing

Accountability in Research

Acoustic Research Letters Online (ARLO): the international electronic
letters journal of acoustics**

Acoustical Science and Technology**

Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae (Zhongguo Yixue Kexueyuan Xuebao)

Acta Acustica United With Acustica

Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

Acta Automatica Sinica (Zidonghua Xuebao)

Acta Bio Medica de l'Ateneo Parmense**

Acta Bio-Medica de l Ateneo Parmense**

Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

Acta Biologica Szegediensis**

Acta Biomedica de l'Ateneo Parmense**

Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae

Acta Chirurgica Austriaca**

Acta Chirurgica Brasileira**

Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica

Acta Clinica Belgica. Supplementum

Acta Clinica Croatica. Supplement**

Acta Criminologiae et Medicinae Legalis Japonica**

Acta Dermato-Venereologica. Supplementum

Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica et Adriatica

Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica

Acta Electronica Sinica (Dianzi Xuebao)**

Acta Medica Nagasakiensia

Acta Morphologica Hungarica

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis

Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement

Acta Neurochirurgica, Supplementum

Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplementum

Acta Neurologica Scandinavica

Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum

Acta Neurologica Taiwanica

Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

Acta Odontologica Latinoamericana

Acta Odontologica Scandinavica

Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica

Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica. Supplementum

Acta Orthopaedica Belgica

Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica

Acta Orthopaedica Iugoslavica**

Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica

Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica. Supplementum

Acta Oto Laryngologica. Supplement**

Acta Oto-Rhino-Laryngologica Belgica

Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica

Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola

Acta Paediatrica Japonica

Acta Paediatrica Taiwanica

Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics

Acta Paediatrica. Supplement

Acta Paediatrica: International Journal of Paediatrics

Acta Paulista de Enfermagem

Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica

Acta Pharmacologica Sinica

Acta Physiologica et Pharmacologica Bulgarica

Acta Physiologica Hungarica

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica

Acta Psiquiatrica y Psicologica de America Latina

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum

Acta Psychologica Sinica (Xinli Xuebao)

Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa

Acta Scientiarum - Health Sciences

Acta Scientiarum: Health Sciences**

Acta Societatis Ophthalmologicae Japonicae (Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi)

Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala
Dissertations from the faculty of Social Sciences

Acta Urologica Japonica (Hinyokika Kiyo)

Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria

Actas Luso-Espanolas de Neurologia, Psiquiatria y Ciencias Afines

Actas Urologicas Espanolas

Activities, Adaptation and Aging**

Acupuncture and Electro Therapeutics Research

Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

Adaptive Technology Resource Centre / Research and Development / Assistive
Technology Outcomes / Bibliography Web Resources**

Addiction Research and Theory

Addiction Research Foundation Marketing Services Dept CAT**

Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment

Administration and Policy in Mental Health

Administration in Social Work

Advance for Nurse Practitioners

Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

Advanced Engineering Informatics**

Advanced Functional Materials**

Advanced Technology for Learning**

Advanced Topics in Artificial Intelligence**

Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery

Advances in Applied Ergonomics**

Advances in Applied Microbiology

Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease

Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Advances in Engineering Software**

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

Advances in Health Sciences Education

Advances in Intelligent Systems**

Advances in Medical Sciences

Advances in Mind Body Medicine

Advances in Modelling and Analysis. B: Signals, Information, Data,

Advances in Multimodal Interfaces-ICMI 2000. Third International
Conference (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol.1948)

Advances in Neonatal Care

Advances in Neural Information Processing**

Advances in Nursing Science

Advances in Oto Rhino Laryngology

Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis

Advances in Physiotherapy

Advances in Psychiatric Treatment**

Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine

Advances in Renal Replacement Therapy

Advances in Skin and Wound Care

Advances in Speech Language Pathology**

Advances in Wound Care: the Journal for Prevention and Healing

Aeasthetic Plastic Surgery

Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work

Affirmative action in employment : ethnic minorities and persons with

Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

African Journal of AIDS Research

African Journal of Biotechnology**

CIRRIE Guide to Searching

The CIRRIE Database collects citations from all areas of rehabilitation
and compiles them into one central source. In addition to indexing from
mainstream journals and internet sites, CIRRIE also includes citations to
resources not readily available to U.S. researchers. Over 5000 journals
are represented in the Database and abstracts are available for most
citations. A list of journals is now available. There are over 125,000
citations currently indexed with citations added monthly. The database
includes citations from 1990 to the present.

General Search Guidelines

Subject Heading Search ?Thesaurus

Search Limits ?Geographic Area

All research is not created equal! Bibliographic databases include
citations to articles reporting on studies of all types and quality. It is
up to readers to sift through the results of a search and select those
citations that will be most valid and useful to their work.

Judging the validity and quality of reported studies

Finding Research Syntheses in the CIRRIE Database of International

International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation

The International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation is a collaborative effort
from the Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and
Exchange (CIRRIE), at the University at Buffalo, SUNY, and the Laboratoire
d'informatique et de terminologie de la rdaptation et de l'intation
sociale (LITRIS), from the Institut de rdaptation en dicience physique de
Quec (IRDPQ).

On its completion, the encyclopedia will include four hundred articles on
rehabilitation and disability topics identified through terms found in the
CIRRIE and REHABDATA Thesauri, the World Health Organization's
International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)
and the International Index and Dictionary of Rehabilitation and Social
Integration (IIDRIS).

Links among the encyclopedia, CIRRIE and REHABDATA databases, the
dictionary and other databases will create an integrated information
system and a comprehensive synthesis of the field of rehabilitation in a
free, accessible, online, multilingual encyclopedia in English, French,
and Spanish.

Content Sample from the Table of Contents : Letter A:

Access and Accessibility (PDF)

Activities of Daily Living (PDF)

Adult Education and Intellectual and Allied Developmental Disabilities

Age Related Disabilities - Aging and Quality of Life (PDF)

Aging and quality of life (PDF)

Aging with Physical Disability (PDF)

Alternative therapy - TCM therapies (PDF)

Art Therapy in Rehabilitation (PDF)

Assistive Product Selection Focusing on the Person, Milieu and Product

Ataxia: Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Applications for Ataxic
Patients (PDF)

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (PDF)

Attitudinal Barriers to Rehabilitation (PDF)

Audiology - Audiological Enablement/Rehabilitation (PDF)

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (PDF)

Autism: A Neurological and Sensory Based Perspective (PDF)

Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxias (**)

Content Sample from Encyclopedia Article:

Art Therapy in Rehabilitation

Theresa Van Lith
Ph.D. Candidate
Department of Counselling and Psychological Health
School of Public Health
La Trobe University
Bundoora, Vic, 3086.
[email protected]

Patricia Fenner
Course Co-ordinator Graduate Diploma of Art Therapy, Lecturer
Department of Counselling and Psychological Health
School of Public Health
La Trobe University
Bundoora, Vic, 3086

Margot Schofield
Professor of Counselling and Psychotherapy
School of Public Health
La Trobe University, Vic 3086
Director of Research - PACFA
Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia

Defining Art Therapy in Rehabilitation

How Art Therapists Practice in Rehabilitation Settings

Key Contributions of Art Therapy in Rehabilitation

Importance of a Supportive Setting in Art Therapy

Read this article in other formats and languages

This article aims to define the multiple ways that art therapy is employed
in rehabilitation and how art therapists practice in rehabilitation
settings. We describe the art-based practice continuum to demonstrate the
various styles and practices used in rehabilitation settings. Some key
contributions that art therapy can make to rehabilitation include: sensory
experiences, symbolic expression, emotional expression, life enhancement,
cognitive development and social connectedness. Finally, there is a
discussion on the unique qualities of fostering creativity in
rehabilitation and on the importance of the context where art therapy
takes place.

Defining Art Therapy in Rehabilitation

Art therapy involves the discovery of new connections, relationships and
meanings in a safe and non-judgmental atmosphere, which in turn provides
the client with alternative perspectives on life and relationships with
others. Thus, art therapy can work in multifaceted ways involving the
whole person including sensory-motor, perceptual, cognitive, emotional,
physical, social and spiritual aspects. Growth through art is seen as a
sign of growth through the whole person (Karkou and Sanderson 2006).

Art therapy is a fluid, adaptable, and evolving field. Although art has
always been an innate part of human civilisation it has only been since
the Second World War that it has been properly recognised for its
restorative and transformative qualities (Hogan 2001 Waller 1991). As
Jones (2005) clarified, not only are we still discovering the nature of
the arts but, we are also still in the early stages of understanding what
art therapy does, how it does this and why it is effective.

Those who become art therapists have experience in at least one previous
field of knowledge, such as: medicine, psychology, education, visual arts
and social work traditions. It is through this amalgamation of knowledge
and theoretical orientation that art therapists often define their
practice with orientations such as, psychodynamic humanistic (i.e.
phenomenological, gestalt, person centered) psycho-educational
(behavioural, cognitive behavioural, developmental) systemic (family and
group therapy) as well as integrative and eclectic approaches (Jones
2005 Rubin 2001).

Art therapists work in a variety of rehabilitation settings and with a
variety of issues including: mental health problems learning
difficulties, language and communication difficulties, imprisonment,
medical problems, sensory or physical problems, stress, emotional and/or
social problems. Each of these contexts have their own requirements for
rehabilitation and art therapists need to consider what aspects of art
therapy can serve within the rehabilitative process (Jones 2005).
Therefore, art therapists define what they do by the context they are
working in. For example, in examining individuals who survived an Acquired
Brain Injury as well as the researcher's own life experience, Smith (2007)
highlighted how art served as an aid to rehabilitate sense of self,
self-esteem and social skills through group participation and

Rehabtalk - Three methods to communication with fellow rehabilitation
professionals: an announcement list, a list of discussion lists, and an
announcement page.

Conference Announcements Updated frequently, this is a list of upcoming
conferences that deal specificially with disability/rehabilitation
research topics. Available both in HTML and RSS forms.

Conference Proceedings Collection - Includes links to abstracts or full
text of proceedings from disability/rehabilitation conferences that had an
international component.

ICF Resources - Resources, ours and others, relating to the WHO's
classification framework.

Annotated Bibliographies - Four bibliographies by M. Miles on disability
around the world.

Related Links - Links to other rehabilitation-related sites on the web.

Contact - To send us feedback, add information to the site or ask for

Country Directory - Searchable interface that includes research centers,
government agencies, associations and organizations from around the world
that work with disability or rehabilitation.

Content Sample from Country Directory

Australian Rehabilitation & Assistive Technology Association (ARATA)

". focus is on providing opportunities for sharing ideas to ensure the
advancement the of rehabilitation and assistive technology in Australia.."

Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine-
Research Facility

". primary purpose of advancing research into the acute treatment and
rehabilitation of people injured in motor vehicle accidents or through
other analogous events."

Regency Park Rehabilitation Engineering
Research Facility

"The Research & Development Department collects ideas and facilitates the
process of finding solutions to match identified needs."

Rehabilitation Research and Training Unit (RRTU)
Research Facility

The Unit specilises in research into serious injury rehabilitation,
particularly community re-establishment following spinal cord injury.

La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3083

Contact: Gregory Murphy, Ph.D (Director RRTU, School of Public Health)

Phone: + 61 3 94791745
Fax: + 61 3 9479 1783
Email: [email protected]

Rehabilitation Studies Unit
Research Facility

"Maintaining an awareness of current trends and developments. "

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland
Research Facility

The University of Queensland has a long held reputation for world class
Research in the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences.

Related Links Content Sample:

CIRRIE Country Directory - Links to over 450 non-U.S. Research
Facilities, Associations/Organizations, and Government Agencies

ABLEDATA, Database of Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology Information and Research Service (SIVA)
Cornucopia of Disability Information (CODI)

Disability Organizations Worldwide Database, from Mobility International

Global Applied Disability Research and Information Network on Employment
and Training (GLADNET)

International Exchange Programs, from Mobility International U.S.A.

International Index and Dictionary of Rehabilitation and Social
Integration (IIDRIS)

Occupational Health and Safety Research Institute (IRSST)

Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS)

MedCarib, Caribbean Health Sciences Literature

National Special Education Net of Taiwan (NOTE: Content is in Chinese)

Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Headquarters Library

Program Directory Database, NIDRR

RECAL Bibliographic Database, National Centre for Training and Education
in Prosthetics and Orthotics, Glasgow, Scotland

REHABDATA, NARIC's Literature Database

Source International Information Support Centre

World Health Organization Library Catalogue (WHOLIS)

CIRRIE is pleased to provide cultural competency resources by continuing
some programs begun in our last cycle as well as developing new

Culture in the Curriculum, targeting preservice university training by
creating new curriculum materials tailored to professional programs.

Curriculum Guides addressing topics specific to Occupational Therapy,
Physical Therapy, Speech Language Pathology and Rehabilitation Counseling.

The Rehabilitation Provider's Guide to Cultures of the Foreign-Born, an
eleven-volume monograph series, provides specific information on cultural
perspectives of foreignborn persons in the United States. New monographs
are being developed.

Culture and Disability: Providing Culturally
Competent Services, our book published by SAGE Publications based on the
monograph series.

Successful Outreach to Foreign Born Consumers through Culture Brokering, a
computer based tutorial in CDRom format.

Watch the video: Best Databases for Biomedical and Pharma Searches (February 2023).