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Can someone identify this tree?


It appears to be a kind of fig tree (perhaps similar to the fiddle leaf fig tree but without the fiddle?), although the leaf shape doesn't match. It didn't seem very appealing to eat (!), it was oozing white sap from the stem and from the fruit itself when i broke it apart.

The fruit felt like a hard sponge.

I found the tree in Israel, although, in this location there are a number of non-indigenous trees.

Here are some pictures: (NOTE: photo of full tree was taken in March, not at the same time as the first two photos)


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Watch Your Ash! These Trees Can Be Dangerous

Like many NDA members and deer habitat managers, I have been targeting ash trees for removal by cutting, girdling, and hack-and-squirt to free up space around mast-bearing oaks and to increase sunlight reaching the ground for forage and cover production. I learned recently of a particular danger inherent in cutting down ashes, and your personal safety may depend on your own awareness.

Members of the ash genus, such as the white, green, and black, have a native range over much of the central and eastern parts of the United States. Unfortunately, the invasive emerald ash borer (EAB) is now found in most of the states within that range and continues to relentlessly spread, leaving a swath of dead and dying trees in its wake. Recently, I invited Joe Boswell, a senior area forester for the Virginia Department of Forestry, to visit my Botetourt County, Virginia land to give me some ideas for habitat improvement projects. When we passed a white ash I had girdled just a year or so before that, Joe noted the top of the tree had already fallen. He said the same thing happens when emerald ash borers attack these trees. If someone is sawing down a diseased ash that has been hit by EAB, the top could potentially break off and fall before the rest of the tree, or in a different direction. It could end up falling on the chainsaw operator.

The lightened patches of bark on this ash tree indicate it has been attacked by emerald ash borers and is dying. The trees tend to die from the top down, which makes them dangerous to cut.

“I don’t know whether the tops of ashes die first, or they fall first because the wood is so brittle,” said Joe. “Whichever is the case, land managers should be very careful and try to anticipate where the tops might separate when they start to cut down these trees.”

Given the danger inherent in cutting down any trees, habitat managers should always wear chainsaw safety chaps, a helmet, face shield, eye protection and gloves when implementing chainsaw work. However, when cutting down an ash, spend extra time studying the tree’s lean, never cut alone, and use wedges to guide the tree’s fall, among other safety precautions. Study the top of the tree in particular, and be ready to react quickly if it comes toppling down unexpectedly.

The pile of dead bark at the base of this ash is another sign of EAB infestation. Woodpeckers often strip the dying bark looking for insects, which helps create these piles.

“Unless a landowner intends to treat ash trees against the EAB, I recommend that they cut them while they are still alive,” said Joe. “It will be much safer and the wood will be more usable.”

Of course, any dead or diseased tree that you are about to cut could potentially drop limbs or tops on you, so always look up and study any tree before sawing. Make safety your first priority it all habitat management efforts.

If you are uncertain how to identify ash trees, here’s a quick video tutorial from Iowa State University Extension.


Levels of Organization of Living Things

Living things are highly organized and structured, following a hierarchy on a scale from small to large. The atom is the smallest and most fundamental unit of matter. It consists of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. Atoms form molecules. A molecule is a chemical structure consisting of at least two atoms held together by a chemical bond. Many molecules that are biologically important are macromolecules, large molecules that are typically formed by combining smaller units called monomers. An example of a macromolecule is deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (Figure 6), which contains the instructions for the functioning of the organism that contains it.Concept in Action


Grain Size Usual Color Other Composition Rock Type
fine dark glassy appearance lava glass Obsidian
fine light many small bubbles lava froth from sticky lava Pumice
fine dark many large bubbles lava froth from fluid lava Scoria
fine or mixed light contains quartz high-silica lava Felsite
fine or mixed medium between felsite and basalt medium-silica lava Andesite
fine or mixed dark has no quartz low-silica lava Basalt
mixed any color large grains in fine-grained matrix large grains of feldspar, quartz, pyroxene or olivine Porphyry
coarse light wide range of color and grain size feldspar and quartz with minor mica, amphibole or pyroxene Granite
coarse light like granite but without quartz feldspar with minor mica, amphibole or pyroxene Syenite
coarse light to medium little or no alkali feldspar plagioclase and quartz with dark minerals Tonalite
coarse medium to dark little or no quartz low-calcium plagioclase and dark minerals Diorite
coarse medium to dark no quartz may have olivine high-calcium plagioclase and dark minerals Gabbro
coarse dark dense always has olivine olivine with amphibole and/or pyroxene Peridotite
coarse dark dense mostly pyroxene with olivine and amphibole Pyroxenite
coarse green dense at least 90 percent olivine Dunite
very coarse any color usually in small intrusive bodies typically granitic Pegmatite
Hardness Grain Size Composition Other Rock Type
hard coarse clean quartz white to brown Sandstone
hard coarse quartz and feldspar usually very coarse Arkose
hard or soft mixed mixed sediment with rock grains and clay gray or dark and "dirty" Wacke/
Graywacke
hard or soft mixed mixed rocks and sediment round rocks in finer sediment matrix Conglomerate
hard or
soft
mixed mixed rocks and sediment sharp pieces in finer sediment matrix Breccia
hard fine very fine sand no clay feels gritty on teeth Siltstone
hard fine chalcedony no fizzing with acid Chert
soft fine clay minerals splits in layers Shale
soft fine carbon black burns with tarry smoke Coal
soft fine calcite fizzes with acid Limestone
soft coarse or fine dolomite no fizzing with acid unless powdered Dolomite rock
soft coarse fossil shells mostly pieces Coquina
very soft coarse halite salt taste Rock Salt
very soft coarse gypsum white, tan or pink Rock Gypsum

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Identify

Correctly identify ing such trends means being able to plan in advance and then taking advantage of heightened interest.

Reporters Sapien and Sanders worked with Willis to identify several high-ranking NYPD commanders who had been promoted again and again despite long records of serious civilian complaints.

First, the team worked to identify whether they had assigned the most relevant URLs for the keywords.

If scientists are able to identify an immune correlate of protection, however, “and you can demonstrate that kids get that with the vaccine, that’s even more satisfying,” O’Leary said.

The funds were to be transferred to the CPUC quarterly, but the CPUC didn’t try to identify whether any of that money was outstanding.

We have thousands of users who identify themselves as transgendered and they are welcome members of the Grindr community.

He loves the fact that, like on Grindr, users can identify as transgender.

But most likely it was linked to the way priests identify with the poor in the face of government and criminal abuses.

Certainly my instinct is to identify with the police, no matter the circumstance.

The others are difficult to identify , since they reacted with other oxygen-bearing molecules in the soil.

Ordinarily, no attempt is made to identify any but the tubercle bacillus and the gonococcus.

All the same, she was quite at a loss to know how she was to identify the General Maxgregor when he did come.

In some cases proper evidence may be used to identify things where the description in the will is ambiguous.

The thing bequeathed must be described with sufficient clearness to identify it, nothing more is required.

However, both let it pass, and no one through the whole school attempted to identify it.


Can someone identify this tree? - Biology

Have you ever found a person in your tree and asked yourself how are we related'? I know I have. In fact, many of you have asked for something that would help you easily find an answer to that question and we've listened. We've just added a new feature in your Ancestry.com Member Tree that will allow you to view the relationship between you and a relative in your tree. You can access this new feature by going to any person's profile page in your family tree and clicking "View relationship to me". I decided to give it a try for my relative Braxton Cranford to see how he is related to me. Once I clicked the link, a window appeared that returned how Braxton is related to me well as well as the trail of people who helped create the connection between us. It turns out that four people separate me and my great grand uncle Braxton. (I've blurred the names of my living relatives) Now that I've selected to see how Braxton is related to me, I'll be able to see that relationship displayed below his name on his profile page. I can also pull up the line of people that created the connection by clicking the "View relationship to me" link again. Another noteworthy feature is that family members you've invited to your tree will see how they're related to people in the shared tree. We calculate the relationship based on who you' are in the tree which is sometimes different from the home' person. If your relative looks at the tree and calculates a relationship, it will be based on who his relative is in the tree. As I've used this new feature it's been great to relate more directly to the people in my tree. Braxton isn't just a name anymore he's my great grand uncle.


Science now says you can judge people by their taste in music after all

It turns out our musical preferences say more about us than we once thought.

  • Studies have shown a link between music preferences and a person’s propensity to empathize with others.
  • Researchers have also found a connection between music taste and personality traits.
  • While researchers are still investigating a link between listening to music and its ability to influence a person’s mood long-term, strong evidence has shown how music can improve or dampen your mood more immediately.

For those currently partaking in the online dating scene, you may have recently been asked what your zodiac sign is. Whether astrology is something you believe in or not, being labeled a “total” Pisces or a Sagittarius by a prospective romantic partner is a part of that person’s pursuit of gaining knowledge about who you are as a person — the same way we might ask whether someone might be a dog or a cat person. A seemingly frivolous question, many people could interpret more from your answer than what might seem obvious.

Another age-old personality question is linked to music preference. Now, thanks to research, these questions could actually help answer whether you might be more compatible with someone because you both vibe to jazz while cooking dinner, or less compatible because only one of you likes punk rock.

Musical taste matters

It turns out that there is more to the question than appears on the surface, and multiple psychological studies have supported the idea that musical preferences are actually linked to our cognitive styles, or the way we think about, and react to, the world around us.

One study shows a link between preferred musical genres and our capacity for empathy, with results across samples showing that empathy levels are linked to preferences even within genres. Empathy, as the authors of the study explain, is “the ability to identify, predict, and respond appropriately to the mental states of others,” and people use empathy while perceiving different types of musical content, reacting to it both emotionally and physiologically.

The researchers found that those they categorized as type E, or those with a bias towards empathizing, preferred mellow music that might fall within the genres of R&B and soft rock, while those that prefer “Intense dimension” genres such as heavy metal and hard rock tend to show a bias towards systemizing, or logic-based thinking, rather than showing empathy.

The same study also found an interesting link between type E individuals and music with attributes researchers define as “gentle, warm, and sensual” as well as depressing, sad music and songs with emotional depth, such as poetic or thoughtful songs. Those with type S or extreme type S personalities tend to gravitate toward “high arousal” types of music, such as songs that might be described as “strong, tense, and thrilling,” as well as songs with cerebral depth and complexity.

Music and the big five

In 2016, University of Cambridge music psychologist David Greenberg performed a study with his colleagues called “ The Song Is You ,” aimed at evaluating how the main three dimensions of music, “arousal” (the energy level of music), “valence” (the spectrum from sad to happy emotions in music) and “depth” (the amount of sophistication and emotional depth in music), are linked to the Big Five personality traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism.

Their results are what one might generally expect — self-assured people were more likely to enjoy positive music, while those who seek excitement prefer high arousal music. Greenberg says that those who were defined as open minded had not only a more general preference for music overall, but were also more open to music that spanned genres or might be defined as “genre-fluid.”

16 Personalities, an online Myers-Briggs test that has been taken by more than 388 million people so far, has even found strong links between music taste and the 16 different personality types they identified. “Analyst” type personalities, they found, tend to be those that “are most often respected for the sheer technical expertise at work as much as for the more emotional qualities of these songs,” according to the report , such as rock, classical and jazz. They also tend to be the heaviest users of headphones.

Diplomats, by contrast, tend to seek out music characterized by great emotional intensity and depth, such as blues, soul, world and alternative.

“The idea that music is solely entertainment, or even just a pure aesthetic experience, is very misguided,” Greenberg explains. “Music is a form of language. It’s a part of human evolution, and it’s deeply embedded into our brains.”


Examples

The phorid fly and the leaf-cutter ant

Leaf-cutter ants are ground-dwelling ants which cut leaves of trees using their sharp claws and use them to build their nests. The phorid fly, on the other hand, is a small fly which is more often seen running on some surface instead of flying around. When leaf-cutter ants are collecting leaves, a phorid fly attacks a worker ant and lay its eggs in the crevice on worker ant’s head. When the eggs hatch, its larvae burrows into the ant’s body and starts feeding on it from inside, eventually killing it. While the host organism doesn’t necessarily die in all the cases, it does suffer as a result of this relationship.

You must have also seen fungi species on tree trunks in the wild, or around your house for that matter. In this case, the fungi is parasite while the tree is the host organism. Other examples of parasitism in plants include hemi-parasitic species like mistletoe, yellow rattle, etc., which grow on various parts of trees and shrubs.

Ocean sunfish and its numerous parasites

Parasitism is also quite common in the marine biome, wherein each species of fish is believed to have as many as four parasites thriving on it. The ocean sunfish ( Mola mola ), for instance, plays host to as many as 40 parasitic species dwelling in the ocean, including flatworms, roundworms, sea lice, shark tapeworm, etc. While some of these parasites are found on its body, others reside within it. The sunfish has a unique adaptation to deal with the situation, wherein it comes to the ocean surface and lies on one side, thus allowing various birds to feed on parasites.

Not just animals, but even humans are vulnerable to parasites. Those parasites which infest fish, have the ability to make it to the human body through sea food. At times, you may not even realize that some parasitic species has entered your body, until its adverse effects start surfacing. Chances of an individual not noticing infestation are somewhat rare, as most of these parasites are harmful for humans.

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