Human Anatomy: several areas of study
Due to the complexity of the human body, the Human Anatomy is divided into several branches (areas) of study in order to better study the organs, systems, functioning and interactions with the environment. Although they are separate branches, there is a strong integration between them to generate the necessary knowledge.
The main branches of Human Anatomy
- Systematic Anatomy - studies the elements of the human body, describing their forms, their relationships, their structure and constitution. Divide and study the body through systems. It is also called Descriptive Anatomy.
- Topographic Anatomy - studies the human body by regions. It is also called the Regional Anatomy.
- Microscopic Anatomy - study of the human body with intensive use of microscopes. It focuses mainly on the study of organs and parts of the human body that cannot be viewed without the use of a microscope.
- Pathological Anatomy - focused on the diagnosis of diseases and the degradation of organs.
- Radiographic Anatomy - study of the human body through images.
- Functional Anatomy - studies the functions of the organs of the human body. It is also called the Physiological Anatomy.
- Neuroanatomy - focused on the study of the nervous system.
- Morphological Anatomy - studies the external forms of the human body.
- Developmental anatomy - related to the study of the timing of fertilization until birth.