Victoria regia: common aquatic plant in the Amazon
What they are (definition)
Aquatic plants, also known as hydrophilic or hydrophyte plants, are those that have the ability to live in aquatic environments or with a high amount of moisture.
Some species live fully submerged in water, while others keep only their roots and stems under water.
Most aquatic plant species inhabit lakes, river banks, marshes and mangroves (in brackish water). Some of these species are widely used to decorate or enhance the ecosystem of freshwater or even marine aquariums. Other species are used in landscaping.
Main characteristics of aquatic plants:
- Those who live fully submerged have the ability to remove nutrients directly from water.
- Some species have the ability to float on the water surface. Others need to fix their roots on the bottom or bank of a river or lake.
- Floating aquatic plants have short and simple roots. The perspiration of these plants is very high.
- Some species of aquatic plants produce flowers.
Examples of aquatic plant species (popular and scientific names):
- Victoria regia (Amazon Victoria)
- Water lentils (Callitriche stagnalis)
- Oaks (Potamogeton crispus)
- White Lotus (Nymphaea alba)
- Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
- Water hyacinth (Eichhornia)
- Leather hat (Echinodorus macrophyllum)
- Cattail (Typha domingensis)
- Water reed (Phragmites)
- Mururé tick (Salvinia Auriculata)
- Chinese umbrella (Cyperis Alternifolius)
- Water lettuces (Pistia stratiotes)