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Help me identify this Bug species

Help me identify this Bug species


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I found this insect in Pune/India. Its body size was less than 1 cm. It was near light source. I suspected it to be Juvenile Thread-legged Bug, but i am not sure. Is my suspicion right or is it some other insect?


It is Pneustocerus gravelyi, a species of stilt bug that lives in India.

In both of these images, you can clearly see the the bright red coloration of the joint on each leg. The pronotum is also the exact same shape and color, and the bright red abdomen extends beyond the closed wings.

original unmodified image source


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Welcome to BugGuide.Net!

Photo © Joyce Gross

We are an online community of naturalists who enjoy learning about and sharing our observations of insects, spiders, and other related creatures.

We enjoy the opportunity to instill in others the fascination and appreciation that we share for the intricate lives of these oft-maligned creatures.

Using the best resources we have access to, we are creating a knowledgebase to help each other and the online community.

We collect photographs of bugs from the United States and Canada for identification and research.

We summarize our findings in guide pages for each order, family, genus, and species.

Making New Discoveries

More than just a clearinghouse for information, this site helps expand on the natural histories of our subjects. By capturing the place and time that submitted images were taken, we are creating a virtual collection that helps define where and when things might be found.

We capture never-before-seen behaviors and we have photos of species that you won't find anywhere else on the web.


If you don’t know about Cooperative Extension, you’re missing out on one of the great unsung public services in the United States. For more than 100 years, Land Grant Universities in the U.S., as part of the requirements for their federal funding, have operated and continue to operate public-outreach programs known as “cooperative extension.” As the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture explains, “extension provides non-formal education and learning activities to people throughout the country—to farmers and other residents of rural communities as well as to people living in urban areas. It emphasizes taking knowledge gained through research and education and bringing it directly to the people to create positive changes.”

And entomology is a key component of most cooperative extension programs. Such programs operate in every state, and there is probably a local county office near you. They’re a great resource for insect identification for growers, landscapers, and gardeners—and especially for truly local expertise.

To find your local cooperative extension office and contact info (and put your tax dollars to work), try any of the following:

County Extension Offices (National Pesticide Information Center)

Land-Grant University Website Directory (USDA- National Institute of Food and Agriculture)


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Mites

Mites, like ticks, belong to the Arachnida class and are related to spiders. The common house dust mite feeds off of dead skin cells. Mites cause an infection known as scabies by laying their eggs under the top layer of skin. Like other arthropods, mites shed their exoskeleton. The exoskeletons that they shed can become airborne and when inhaled by those sensitive to it, can cause an allergic reaction.


How species are identified

The naming of a new species is often taken to be a significant event in biology, much excitement in the media is devoted to the identification of a new species, but the truth is that it is mundane. Certainly some things are more rare than others (new mammals tick along at a rate far, far below that of new wasps for example) but the event itself is pretty commonplace. By the best estimates, biologists have identified something like two million unique species, which is quite a few by anyone's measure, but the total number is quite probably ten times that or more. Quite simply, it will probably take us another century or three to identify every species currently alive (though of course the rate of extinction is such that there are plenty we won't have to deal with as they will have died out before we even find out they ever existed).

Taxonomy, the field of identifying species, has been sniffily dismissed as mere stamp collecting, but this attitude belies an ignorance of what it means to correctly identify species. These are the fundamental units of biology, much as elements are for chemistry. Imagine the complexity of trying to work out chemical reactions and likely patterns and processes without recognising that some substances were composed of a single element, and others were mixtures or compounds. If we cannot identify and separate out species, the rest of biology is rather left floundering.

This might still seem like something only of interest and relevance to academics, but the implications are much more broad. A farmer needs to know which weed it is that has invaded his plot and what pesticide to use, or which flies might blight his livestock. If you're ever bitten by a snake or spider you should hope the species can be correctly identified or the anti-venom administered may be incorrect. That plant may yield a new anti-bacterial drug, but are we sampling one species or two that look alike? A new mosquito is spreading, but is it a malaria carrying species or not?

The real question of course though is how can species be recognised and identified? This is where things get complex and disagreements can arise between biologists, since species are more fluid than elements or atoms. By definition, species evolve and over time populations change, diverge and lineages split into new species. Humans now might be considered the same species as humans ten thousand years ago, but it's also undeniable that we have changed in that time. You might well be familiar with the definition of a species that runs roughly as "a group of animals that can reproduce and have fertile offspring", and that's all well and good, but it's also profoundly limited.

Plenty of species don't have sex (bacteria, some lizards and sharks, many plants) so this definition is irrelevant for these cases (and there's tons of them). We can't separate out fossil species by this definition either, and some things can produce fertile offspring despite being very different in appearance, or being separated by another non-genetic barrier (behaviour, geography etc.). To account for these and other issues, biologists and palaeontologists use a whole raft of different 'species concepts' that can help separate species from one another and also identify new species. We might recognise them as separate because they can't interbreed with close relatives, but also on their anatomy, behaviour, genetics or evolutionary history. This can naturally lead to disagreement with which definition is best for a given putative species, or just how much difference is required to identify a separate species, but in general agreements are quite broad, and quibbling comes down to certain problematic specimens or populations. It's also worth noting of course that many of these definitions line up – tigers can't produce fertile offspring with leopards, but they also have anatomical, behavioural and genetic differences, and the leopards in Africa at least can't physically mate with tigers and so on.

The task however is vast, the number of taxonomists is shrinking and while new techniques make it easier to identify possible new species, it also means we are finding new species long hidden and some species classified as being a single entity apparently consist of multiple species. Even large mammals and birds are turning up with some regularity, so what hope have we of identifying every kind of parasitic worm, fungus or bacterium? Identifying a new species is only the first step, as then it needs to be formally classified and named, and yes, that's the cliffhanger to the next post.


Ten reasons for collecting and preserving insect specimens

There is an increasing trend to discourage collection and preservation of biological organisms including insects and their relatives. Although insects can be studied and enjoyed without killing them using observation and photographic methods, there are a number of reasons or benefits from procuring specimens:

1. Identification of insects is a specialty within the study of insects (entomology) based on studies by taxonomists that describe species or groups of species (e.g., families, orders, genera, etc.). Through collection and preservation efforts, new species are found and described. Many undescribed insects remain in the world, even in Texas.

2. Properly preserved and stored insect specimens can be enjoyed and studied for hundreds of years while most insects live only for a period of days to months before they die and decompose. Specimens in museums, along with the data provided on the specimen labels constitute an historic record of biological diversity and can be used to document changes in distribution and abundance of species over time. Some museums contain specimens of now-extinct insect species.

3. Names and identities of insects (and other organisms) change over time when new studies reveal the need for a name change. If specimens were used as the basis for a scientific study on, voucher specimens are submitted and stored in a recognized, reputable insect collection. Only then can researchers in the future double check to make sure the species cited in these studies were accurately identified. In some cases, specimens that looked identical to early researchers are later found to actually represent two or more species through further study or use of new techniques.

4. Insects are the most common form of wildlife encountered by people and are excellent models of living systems useful in learning about several fields of science. Most species are common and abundant and are not threatened by casual collection activities. Close observation of preserved specimens can result in an understanding of form and function of bodies (morphology and behavior), relationships between organisms or groups of organisms (systematics and evolution), methods of identifying organisms (taxonomy), and life cycles (developmental biology).

5. During the exercise of collecting insects, collectors learn about relationships between insects and their environment, the importance of habitat, keys to species survival, and the relationships between species groups such as hosts, predators and parasites, i.e., trophic levels. Closer inspection of predaceous insects, for instance, reveal adaptive features enabling those species or groups or species to capture prey or what features allow a walkingstick to mimic a twig.

6. The study of insects in collections provides knowledge that can lead to a better understanding and higher tolerance of this group of animals in our environment. Ignorance about insects and their relatives can lead to an irrational fear of insects, called entomophobia (fear of spiders is arachnaphobia), or even psychological problems such as imagining that your body is infested with insects (delusionary parasitosis). Inability to determine beneficial insects (pollinators, predators, parasites) from pest insects can lead to unnecessary pesticide (insecticide) use.

7. Insects and their relatives are fascinating creatures so unlike ourselves. Yet they share many features with humans and other animals. People of all ages can participate in the study of insects and making an insect collection is an activity to be shared with others, providing enjoyment and exercise while being educational.

8. Many insect specimens are simply beautiful to the eye. Butterfly wings have been called “nature’s canvas.” Other insects are ugly and horrifying to look at. When mounted and displayed properly, insect specimens or insect parts can become an art form similar to taxidermists that display stuffed animals or artists using paint to make a picture.

9. Insect specimens make great souvenirs. Assuming laws and regulations pertaining to the collection and transport of biological specimens are honored, specimens collected on vacation trips can make useful reminders of these trips to far-away places. Properly maintained, the specimens can last more than a person’s lifetime.

10. Making insect collections, particularly bug hunting expeditions, are really fun! In a sense it’s like a real hunting trip, except you do not need guns or hunting licenses (with exceptions in some park lands). It’s generally a lot cheaper, too! Going bug hunting as an adult can even make you feel like a kid again.


What kind of bug is THAT?

Have you ever spied a bug dashing across your kitchen floor or scurrying under a baseboard and thought, “What in the world is that?” It’s clearly not a “common” pest like, say, a cockroach or spider. It’s something… different. If you’ve ever had this experience, the bug in question likely falls in a category we call “occasional invaders.”

As their name implies, occasional invaders are pests that, on occasion, may find their way into our homes, but are not as common as frequent household pests, such as ants, rodents or termites.

Some occasional invaders pose more serious threats than others. To determine the risk to your family, you will need to identify the species. A trained pest professional will be able to properly identify a pest species and its threats, but you can also use this guide to do your best at determining what may be lurking within your home:

Boxelder Bugs

  • What to look for: Boxelder bugs are black with distinct reddish or orange markings on their dorsum and have an elongated, somewhat flattened shape.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: These bugs get their common name from the fact that they are often found on and around boxelder trees. These occasional invaders congregate on the south sides of buildings, where the sun hits, and may migrate indoors during the fall. You might see them in small cracks and crevices in walls. They’ll reemerge in the spring.
  • Watch out for: Boxelder bugs are not known to bite, but their piercing-sucking mouthparts can occasionally puncture skin, producing a red spot similar to a mosquito bite. When crushed, boxelder bugs may leave a reddish orange stain from their fecal material that can result in discoloration of curtains, drapes, clothing, etc.

Centipedes

  • What to look for: Centipedes are sometimes called "hundred-leggers" because of their many pairs of legs. They are yellowish to dark brown with darker stripes.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: Centipedes are typically found in areas of high moisture. Indoors, this means they hang out in damp basements, crawlspaces, bathrooms, or potted plants.
  • Watch out for: House centipedes have poison jaws with which they inject venom into their prey. If handled roughly, some larger species can inflict a painful bite that can break human skin and causes pain and swelling, similar to a bee sting.

Millipedes

  • What to look for: Millipedes are often confused with centipedes, but tend to look more “wormlike” in appearance. They are sometimes called “thousand-leggers” and are blackish or brownish, sometimes with red or orange patterns.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: Most millipedes are nocturnal. They are typically found in areas of high moisture and decaying vegetation, such as under trash, in piles of grass clippings or piles of leaves. Millipedes do not usually survive indoors for more than a few days unless there are high moisture conditions and a food supply is present.
  • Watch out for: Some millipede species give off a foul-smelling fluid through openings along the sides of the body. Underscoring the importance of millipede control, this fluid can be toxic to small animals and pets, and can cause small blisters on humans.

Earwigs

  • What to look for: Earwigs have elongated, flattened bodies and forcep-like cerci that are used to defend themselves and capture prey. They are generally reddish brown to black.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: Earwigs tend to occur in groups. They feed on plants and prefer moist, shady locations.
  • Watch out for: Contrary to folklore, earwigs do not crawl into ears at night. They do not spread diseases, but their menacing appearance can be alarming.

House crickets

  • What to look for: In the case of house crickets, you’re more likely to hear them before you see them. They are known for their loud chirping which is caused by rubbing their front wings together to attract females.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: House crickets are active at night and usually hide in dark warm places during the day. They are often attracted to electric lights in larger numbers, sometimes by the thousands, and rest on vertical surfaces such as light poles and house walls.
  • Watch out for: Crickets can feast on fabrics and carpets, eating large areas, leaving holes and they are especially attracted to clothes soiled with perspiration.

Pillbugs

  • What to look for: You may know these dark brown or black bugs as “rollie-pollies,” named for their habit of rolling into a ball when disturbed. They are easily recognized by their back, which is made up of seven hard individual plates.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: Pillbugs are most active at night. They live in moist locations and are usually found under damp objects such as trash, rocks, or decaying vegetation, where they remain hidden during the day to reduce water loss. They sometimes find their way indoors via door thresholds, especially around sliding glass doors. A home invasion typically means there is a large population immediately outside the building.
  • Watch out for: Pillbugs cause no damage and are considered a nuisance pest indoors.

Silverfish

  • What to look for: Silverfish get their name from their silvery, metallic appearance and fish-like shape and movements. They have no wings, but are able to run very fast.
  • Where you’re likely to spot them: Silverfish are typically seen in moist, humid areas in the home, such as bathrooms, basements, and attics. Silverfish can live up to a year without food, but require a high-humidity environment.
  • Watch out for: These bugs feed on paper items like wallpaper and books, glue, clothing and foods including flour and rolled oats. They tend to hide their presence from humans, which means any damage they have caused could go unnoticed as well.

If you are concerned about occasional invaders getting in your home, there are some simple steps you can take to help prevent them from gaining access. If you suspect an infestation of an occasional invader pest, work with a licensed pest professional to properly identify the species and determine the best way to treat the problem.

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Watch the video: ΤΡΩΜΕ ΦΑΓΗΤΑ ΜΕ ΜΟΝΟ ΕΝΑ ΧΡΩΜΑ ΓΙΑ 24 ΩΡΕΣ! Δεν θα πιστέψετε τι έγινε (February 2023).