Cockroach: An insect that can transmit disease

Main information and features:

- The cockroach is a very common insect in urban areas (cities).

- The habitat of this insect (hot and humid places) are sewers, abandoned land, places with trash and dirt. They enter homes in search of food (leftover food). In the forests, they dwell under rocks and within bark.

- They have nocturnal habits, when they seek food and partners for reproduction. They are usually hidden during the day, when they rest.

- Cockroaches reproduce sexually, with the female producing eggs.

- Many species have solitary habits, that is, they are not organized in societies.

- There are approximately 4,000 species of cockroaches. Depending on the species, the size may range from 5mm to 10cm. Females have a larger body than males.

- Archaeological research indicates that this insect species has inhabited our planet for approximately 380 million years.

- The cockroach's body is oval, flat and dark in color (usually brown). Most species have six legs, a pair of wings and two antennae.

- These insects are hosts of various bacteria, fungi, worms, viruses and protozoa, and can transmit disease to humans. Contact with cockroach feces can cause allergic reactions in some people.

- The main cockroach species are: Supella longipalpa (brown belt cockroach), Blatta orientalis (eastern cockroach), Leucophaea maderae (cockroach cockroach)Germanic Blatella (german cockroach), American Periplanette (American cockroach). They are all considered urban pests.

Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Subclass: Pterygota

Infraclass: Neoptera

Order: Blattaria

Cockroach Cockroach (Leucophaea maderae): Common in Brazil and other countries in America, it can reach up to 40 centimeters in length.