General

Penguin



King Penguin: Feeding on Small Fish and Crustaceans

Information and main features:

- Penguin is a typical South Pole seabird, mainly from the Antarctic region. They are also found in the regions of Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Islands and Galapagos.

- They are adapted to live at very low temperatures (up to -50 ° C).

- They have a black and white coloration, and some species have details in yellow.

- These birds live on average from 25 to 32 years.

- Although they are birds, the Penguins do not have the ability to fly. Its wings are atrophied, having the function of fins.

- They are great swimmers, they can reach up to 40 kilometers per hour of speed. They spend most of their time in the water.

- Most species have daytime habits.

- The legs of these birds secrete a kind of oil, which serves as waterproofing against the cold.

- Penguin feeding is based on small fish and some species of crustaceans such as krill.

- The main predators of the Penguins are orcas, sharks and leopard seals.

- Reproduction of these birds varies by species. Some have a definite breeding season, while others breed year round.

- In most species, the male collaborates by storing (hatching) eggs and providing care for the young. They make nests in the rocks or in holes dug by them.

- Size varies by species and can reach up to 1.2 meters in height (case of Emperor Penguin). In the case of this species, they can weigh up to 30 pounds.

Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Animalia

Philo: Chordata

Class: Birds

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Spheniscidae